100 years of superconductivity by Horst Rogalla, Peter H. Kes

By Horst Rogalla, Peter H. Kes

Even 100 years after its discovery, superconductivity keeps to convey us new surprises, from superconducting magnets utilized in MRI to quantum detectors in electronics. 100 Years of Superconductivity offers a accomplished selection of issues on approximately the entire subdisciplines of superconductivity. Tracing the historic advancements in superconductivity, the publication contains contributions from many pioneers who're answerable for vital steps ahead within the field.

The textual content first discusses attention-grabbing tales of the invention and slow development of idea and experimentation. Emphasizing key advancements within the early Fifties and Sixties, the booklet appears at how superconductivity began to permeate society and the way so much of today’s functions are in line with the ideas of these years. It additionally explores the true revolution that happened with the invention of extreme temperature superconductors, resulting in rising purposes in energy garage and fusion reactors.

Superconductivity has turn into an unlimited box and this full-color ebook exhibits how a ways it has are available in the prior a hundred years. in addition to reviewing major study and experiments, top scientists percentage their perception and stories operating during this interesting and evolving area.

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Acronym unknown UTSI University of Tennessee Space Institute W7-X Wendelstein 7-X: superconducting stellarator under construction in Germany WDG Wire Development Group — research collaborations organized by American Superconductor Corp. that has worked on 1G and 2G wire This page intentionally left blank 1 Early History Editor: Peter H. 1 The Discovery and Early History of Superconductivity Rudolf de Bruyn Ouboter, Dirk van Delft and Peter H. Kes . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 The Historical Context of Josephson’s Discovery A.

2 The Historical Context of Josephson’s Discovery A. B. Pippard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Further Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 29 50 50 The Discovery and Early History of Superconductivity Rudolf de Bruyn Ouboter, Dirk van Delft and Peter H.

After he liquefied hydrogen in February 1906, he started a program to investigate the resistance of metals at low temperatures. There was a practical reason —thermometry— but he also had a purely scientific interest. One of the issues in those days was the question what would happen to the resistance of a metal as its temperature approaches absolute zero8 . It was accepted that electrons were responsible for the electric conductance and that the resistance was due to the scattering of electrons by the ions of the metal crystal.

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