A century of dishonor: a sketch of the United States by Helen Hunt Jackson

By Helen Hunt Jackson

First released in 1881 and reprinted in several variants considering, Helen Hunt Jackson’s A Century of Dishonor is a vintage account of the U.S. government’s unsuitable Indian coverage and the unfair and harsh therapy afforded North American Indians via expansionist americans. Jackson wrote the ebook as a polemic to "appeal to the hearts and moral sense of the yankee people," who she was hoping could call for legislative reform from Congress and redeem the country’s identify from the stain of a "century of dishonor." Her efforts, which represent a landmark in Indian reform, helped start the lengthy means of public expertise for Indian rights that maintains to the current day.Beginning with a criminal short at the unique Indian correct of occupancy, A Century of Dishonor keeps with Jackson’s research of ways irresponsibility, dishonesty, and perfidy at the a part of american citizens and the U.S. govt devastated the Delaware, Cheyenne, Nez Perce, Sioux, Ponca, Winnebago, and Cherokee Indians. Jackson describes the government’s remedy of the Indians as "a shameful checklist of damaged treaties and unfulfilled can provide" exacerbated through "a sickening checklist of homicide, outrage, theft, and wrongs" devoted by way of frontier settlers, with basically an occasional Indian retaliation. Such awesome occasions because the flight of leader Joseph of the Nez Perces and the Cherokee path of Tears illustrate Jackson’s arguments.Valerie Sherer Mathes’s foreword lines Jackson’s lifestyles and writings and areas her within the context of reform advocacy in the middle of 19th century expansionism. This unabridged paperback variation comprises an index, and the entire appendix, together with Jackson’s correspondence in regards to the Sand Creek bloodbath and her document as distinctive Comminnioner to enquire the desires of California’s project Indians.

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Teller recommended that Commissioner of Indian Affairs Hiram Price authorize Jackson to visit Mission Indian villages and locate suitable lands within the public domain as permanent reservations for groups with no protected lands. In April 1883, accompanied by artist Sandham and a driver, Jackson and Kinney set out for a month-long tour of eighteen Indian villages. While she took notes and recorded names for her later publications, Kinney served as interpreter and, whenever possible, intimidated white squatters to leave.

But until the Indian becomes as able as is the average white man to manage his property for himself, the Government should manage it for him, no matter whether he be willing or unwilling to have this done. A difficulty arises in the casesof which there are manywhere treaties have been made by the Government of the United States with different Indian tribes, wherein the two parties have agreed to certain definitely named stipulations. Such treaties have proceeded upon the false viewfalse in principle, and equally false in factthat an Indian tribe, roaming in the wilderness and living by hunting and plunder, is a nation.

The Conestoga Massacre 298 II. The Gnadenhütten Massacre 317 III. Massacres of Apaches 324 Chapter X. Conclusion 336 Appendix. I. The Sand Creek Massacre 343 II. The Ponca Case 359 III. Testimonies to Indian Character 374 IV. Outrages Committed on Indians by Whites 381 V. Extracts from the Report of the Commission sent to treat with the Sioux Chief Sitting Bull, in Canada 386 VI. Account of some of the old Grievances of the Sioux 389 VII. Letter from Sarah Winnemucca, an Educated Pah - Ute Woman 395 VIII.

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