A Companion to Sport and Spectacle in Greek and Roman

A significant other to game and Spectacle in Greek and Roman Antiquity offers a chain of essays that observe a socio-historical standpoint to myriad features of historical activity and spectacle. Covers the Bronze Age to the Byzantine Empire

• contains contributions from a number overseas students with a number of Classical antiquity specialties
• is going past the standard concentrations on Olympia and Rome to ascertain recreation in towns and territories during the Mediterranean basin
• encompasses a number of illustrations, maps, end-of-chapter references, inner cross-referencing, and an in depth index to extend accessibility and support researchers

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Extra resources for A Companion to Sport and Spectacle in Greek and Roman Antiquity (Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World)

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2:11). By this time, the Himyarites, another tribe of the peninsula, had built a kingdom and inherited the Sabaean culture of southern Arabia. During the first century ce, when Roman traders were sailing to India via the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea, they stopped in Himyarite ports on the way in order to purchase the fragrant resins that they could sell at a profit in India. Rome Looks East 23 Frankincense and myrrh traveled routes that went northwest toward Egypt and the coastal cities of the Mediterranean.

The Roman Empire generally did Rome Looks East 31 not interfere in the city’s affairs until another major threat came from the east. The Sassanid Dynasty, a new regime based in southern Iran that replaced Parthian rule in southern Mesopotamia in 227 ce, disrupted the old balance of power in the region. Even more eager to confront Rome than the Parthians had been, the Sassanids blocked the Roman trading route to the Persian Gulf and disrupted the commerce of both Palmyra and Rome. Septimius Odaenathus, a local Palmyraean who became the ruler of the city’s trading empire as the representative of Rome on its eastern frontier, successfully pushed back the invasion of the Sassanids in the year 267.

Before Roman influence reached the oasis settlement that became Palmyra, it was called Tadmor. The name “Palmyra,” meaning “city of palm trees,” was given to it by the Romans. Roman Palmyra nevertheless maintained its autonomy as a frontier city. Because the caravan trade was in the common interest of both empires, Palmyra profited by trading with both the Parthians and the Romans. As middlemen, the merchants of Palmyra benefited first from the spice route linking the Arabian Peninsula to the Mediterranean, and then from the silk route linking China to the West.

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