A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of by Pradyot Patnaik

By Pradyot Patnaik

The definitive consultant to the unsafe houses of chemical compounds

Correlating chemical constitution with toxicity to people and the surroundings, and the chemical constitution of compounds to their harmful houses, A complete consultant to the unsafe homes of chemical compounds, 3rd Edition permits clients to evaluate the toxicity of a substance even if no experimental information exists. therefore, it bridges the distance among dangerous fabrics and chemistry. greatly up-to-date and accelerated, this reference:

  • Examines organics, metals and inorganics, commercial solvents, universal gases, particulates, explosives, and radioactive components, protecting every little thing from toxicity and carcinogenicity to flammability and explosive reactivity to dealing with and disposal practices
  • Arranges damaging chemicals based on their chemical buildings and practical teams for simple reference
  • comprises up to date details at the poisonous, flammable, and explosive homes of chemicals
  • Covers extra metals within the chapters on poisonous and reactive metals
  • Updates the brink publicity limits within the office air for a couple of elements
  • positive aspects the most recent info on commercial solvents and poisonous and flammable gases
  • comprises various tables, formulation, and a word list for fast reference

since it presents info that permits people with a chemistry heritage to accomplish checks with out past information, this finished reference appeals to chemists, chemical engineers, toxicologists, and forensic scientists, in addition to commercial hygienists, occupational physicians, Hazmat execs, and others in similar fields.Content:
Chapter 1 Acids, Carboxylic (pages 103–114):
Chapter 2 Acids, Mineral (pages 115–126):
Chapter three Acids, Peroxy (pages 127–133):
Chapter four Alcohols (pages 134–159):
Chapter five Aldehydes (pages 160–192):
Chapter 6 Alkalies (pages 193–199):
Chapter 7 Alkaloids (pages 200–234):
Chapter eight Amines, Aliphatic (pages 235–250):
Chapter nine Amines, fragrant (pages 251–268):
Chapter 10 Asbestos (pages 269–276):
Chapter eleven Azo Dyes (pages 277–285):
Chapter 12 Chlorohydrins (pages 286–293):
Chapter thirteen Cyanides, natural (Nitriles) (pages 294–316):
Chapter 14 Cyanides, Inorganic (pages 317–335):
Chapter 15 Dioxin and similar Compounds (pages 336–347):
Chapter sixteen Epoxy Compounds (pages 348–369):
Chapter 17 Esters (pages 370–389):
Chapter 18 Ethers (pages 390–401):
Chapter 19 Gases, universal poisonous, and Flammable (pages 402–409):
Chapter 20 Glycol Ethers (pages 410–424):
Chapter 21 Haloethers (pages 425–437):
Chapter 22 Halogenated Hydrocarbons (pages 438–469):
Chapter 23 Halogens, Halogen Oxides, and Interhalogen Compounds (pages 470–483):
Chapter 24 Heterocyclic Compounds (pages 484–495):
Chapter 25 Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic and Alicyclic (pages 496–515):
Chapter 26 Hydrocarbons, fragrant (pages 516–536):
Chapter 27 business Solvents (pages 537–550):
Chapter 28 Isocyanates, natural (pages 551–567):
Chapter 29 Ketones (pages 568–591):
Chapter 30 steel Acetylides and Fulminates (pages 592–597):
Chapter 31 steel Alkoxides (pages 598–601):
Chapter 32 steel Alkyls (pages 602–612):
Chapter 33 steel Azides (pages 613–621):
Chapter 34 steel Carbonyls (pages 622–629):
Chapter 35 steel Hydrides (pages 630–642):
Chapter 36 Metals, Reactive (pages 643–649):
Chapter 37 Metals, poisonous (pages 650–668):
Chapter 38 Mustard fuel and Sulfur Mustards (pages 669–673):
Chapter 39 Nerve Gases (pages 674–690):
Chapter forty Nitro Explosives (pages 691–703):
Chapter forty-one Oxidizers (pages 704–714):
Chapter forty two Particulates (pages 715–718):
Chapter forty three Peroxides, natural (pages 719–740):
Chapter forty four insecticides and Herbicides: type, constitution, and research (pages 741–745):
Chapter forty five insecticides, Carbamate (pages 746–761):
Chapter forty six insecticides, Organochlorine (pages 762–781):
Chapter forty seven insecticides, Organophosphorus (pages 782–803):
Chapter forty eight Herbicides, Chlorophenoxy Acid (pages 804–810):
Chapter forty nine Herbicides, Triazine (pages 811–816):
Chapter 50 Herbicides, Urea (pages 817–820):
Chapter fifty one Phenols (pages 821–833):
Chapter fifty two Phosphorus and Its Compounds (pages 834–853):
Chapter fifty three Polychlorinated Biphenyls (pages 854–862):
Chapter fifty four Radon and Radioactive elements (pages 863–866):
Chapter fifty five Sulfate Esters (pages 867–871):
Chapter fifty six Sulfur?Containing Organics (Miscellaneous) (pages 872–881):
Chapter fifty seven Miscellaneous ingredients (pages 882–898):

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Extra resources for A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances, Third Edition

Example text

Epithelium Cells covering the internal and external surfaces of the body. Erythema Redness of the skin produced by congestion of the capillaries. Fetotoxicity Harmful effects exhibited by a fetus, due to exposure to a toxic substance, that may result in death, reduced birthweight, or impairment of growth and physiological dysfunction. Gastrointestinal Pertaining to the stomach or intestine. Glomerular Pertaining to a cluster or tuft, as of blood vessels or nerve fibers. Hallucinogen Psychedelic agent: A compound that produces changes in perception, thought, or mood without causing 21 major disturbances in the nervous systems (autonomic).

ODOR Many studies have shown that the bioconcentrations or bioaccumulations of several substances in marine species follow linear relationships with their partition coefficients. The term bioconcentration refers to the ratio of the concentration of the substance between the muscle of the species and the surrounding water. Equations have been proposed to predict such bioconcentrations of many toxicants in fishes and other marine species. Such equations relate to log Poct and are in good agreement with experimental measurements.

Similarly, some carbamate pesticides depress antibody response and phagocytosis, while cyclosporine primarily impairs the B cells. Toxicants affect the immune system in different ways. The effects are complex. Some substances suppress humoral immunity, others cell-mediated immunity, and certain toxicants stimulate specific immune functions. These effects may be classified 29 under three major categories: immunosuppression, immunodysfunction, and autoimmunity. Immunosuppression involves all or some specific immune functions by toxicants, as discussed earlier.

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