By Marc Van de Mieroop
This ebook provides a transparent, concise background of the extreme multicultural civilizations of the traditional close to East. Bestselling narrative of the complicated heritage of the traditional close to EastAddresses political, social, and cultural developmentsContains in-depth dialogue of key texts and assets, together with the Bible and the Epic of GilgameshIncludes a variety of maps, illustrations, and a variety of close to japanese texts in translationIntegrates new learn, and enormously expands the courses to extra analyzing for this moment variation
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Extra resources for A History of the Ancient Near East, ca 3000-323 BC, 2nd edition (Blackwell History of the Ancient World)
Although the city-state characterized the political situation of the period, various processes of the centralization of power in larger territorial units were at work, due both to hostile and peaceful interactions between states. War between neighbors could lead to territorial occupations. Around 2400, for example, a king of Uruk, Lugalkiginedudu, claimed kingship over Ur, a city 50 kilometers to the south. T h e process of conquest and unification culminated at the end of the Early Dynastic period when the king of Umma, Lugalzagesi, conquered U r and Uruk and then defeated Uru'inimgina of Lagash, thus taking control over the entire south of Babylonia.
7 Alfonso Archi, "Transmission of the Mesopotamian Lexical and Literary Texts from Ebla," in P. , Literature and Literary Language at Ebla (Quaderni di Semitistica 18; Florence: Dipartimento di Linguistics, l992), p. 23. Political Centralization in t h e Late Third Millennium I - 3000 I I I I I 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 2334 Accession of Sargon of Akkad 2254-18 Naram-Sin of Akkad ca.
The newly emergent elites may have wished access to exotic materials, whose possession distinguished them from the rest of the people. Many luxury goods ORIGINS: THE URUK PHENOMENON 39 were only available outside Mesopotamia: semi-precious stones, gold, silver, and so on. The settlements to the east and north could be seen as colonies of southerners, assuring access to these resources through interaction with local populations. Moreover, the conviction that a god had influence beyond the city limits may have contributed to an expansionist ideology.