After the Breakthrough: The Emergence of High-Temperature by Helga Nowotny

By Helga Nowotny

The invention of high-temperature superconductivity was once hailed as an immense clinical leap forward, inducing an unheard of wave of pleasure and expectation one of the clinical neighborhood and within the foreign press. This booklet units this learn step forward in context, and reconstructs the heritage of the invention. The authors learn the emergence of this new learn box and how its improvement used to be formed by means of scientists and technology coverage makers. additionally they study some of the institutional and nationwide settings within which the study was once undertaken in addition to contemplating the clinical backgrounds and motivations of researchers who entered the sector following the unique discovery.

Show description

Read or Download After the Breakthrough: The Emergence of High-Temperature Superconductivity as a Research Field PDF

Best solid-state physics books

Physics of Phonons

The physics of phonons is a swiftly growing to be department of strong country physics. within the current quantity A. A. Maradudin offers a radical assessment of its present improvement. this can be via papers from foreign experts learning numerous theoretical and experimental difficulties: the principles of the dynamics of condensed media, together with floor vibrations and localization of phonons: phonon kinetics and phonon spectroscopy; and at last the interplay of phonons and electrons.

Non-Equilibrium Phase Transitions: Absorbing Phase Transitions

This ebook describes major sessions of non-equilibrium phase-transitions: (a) static and dynamics of transitions into an soaking up country, and (b) dynamical scaling in far-from-equilibrium rest behaviour and growing old. the 1st quantity starts with an introductory bankruptcy which remembers the most ideas of phase-transitions, set for the benefit of the reader in an equilibrium context.

Encyclopedia Dictionary of Condensed Matter Physics

The paintings presents sturdy insurance within the primary theoretical elements of the topic, with rigorously deliberate cross-linking and structuring to provide the person the aptitude to achieve a pretty good grounding within the theoretical points of quantum mechanics, mechanics, electrodynamics, relativity, statistical mechanics, and hassle-free particiles that shape the center physics heritage for the sphere.

The Hubbard Model: Recent Results

This number of articles offers authoritative and up to date studies at the Hubbard version. will probably be precious to graduate scholars and researchers within the box.

Additional resources for After the Breakthrough: The Emergence of High-Temperature Superconductivity as a Research Field

Sample text

The BCS theory, which had seemed to account for all phenomena linked to superconductivity, was no longer adequate. Either a new theory was needed, or the existing one had to be modified to cover HTS. Participants discussed the potential applications of the new materials and arrived at a consensus that the scientific importance of HTS would be matched in technological impact only if the materials could be made to carry strong enough electric currents and if usable forms of the superconductors were not too difficult to manufacture.

20 The context of the discovery had abandoned. LTS researchers, with their accumulated tacit theoretical and experimental knowledge, were essential to the new field. For researchers who had taken part in the 25 years of LTS research, HTS offered the attraction of familiarity, though the differences were very great. Several LTS researchers held prominent positions and spoke with the authority of experience both for the importance of the new discovery and against being swept away by enthusiasm. Bardeen (the two-time Nobel prizewinner nicknamed the "gentle giant") and his colleagues Cooper and Schrieffer were welcome keynote speakers at the major conferences.

On the experimental side, some radical differences have been found between the behavior of conventional and high-temperature superconductors. First, critical temperature is no longer believed to depend on the average behavior of many crystal lattice cells, but is apparently determined by what happens in good superconducting cells. For a conventional metal alloy superconductor, variations in the critical temperature may be the result of impurities or deformations. In HTS, even a dirty compound shows the critical temperature of its good molecules, if there are enough of them.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.67 of 5 – based on 40 votes