By Larry W. Mays (auth.), L. Mays (eds.)
There is not any extra primary source than water. the foundation of all existence, water is quickly changing into a key factor in today’s international, in addition to a resource of clash. This attention-grabbing publication, which units out some of the inventive tools through which old societies accumulated, transported and kept water, is a well timed ebook as overextraction and profligacy threaten the lifestyles of aquifers and watercourses that experience provided our wishes for millennia.
It presents an summary of the water applied sciences built by way of a few historic civilizations, from these of Mesopotamia and the Indus valley to later societies reminiscent of the Mycenaeans, Minoans, Persians, and the traditional Egyptians. after all, no ebook on old water applied sciences will be whole with out discussing the engineering feats of the Romans and Greeks, but in addition to masking those key civilizations, it additionally examines how historical American societies from the Hohokams to the Mayans and Incas husbanded their water provides. This surprisingly wide-ranging textual content may well supply today’s parched international a few ideas to the upcoming situation in our water supply.
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Additional resources for Ancient Water Technologies
Line drawing by the author from the tablet CBS 13885 in the University Museum, University of Pennsylvania irrigated. 15 shows a tablet depicting a plan of the fields of Nippur, ca. C. Canals are easily distinguished in the map. Postgate (1994) and Buccellati (1990) have proposed a layout of agricultural cells in South Mesopotamia (Fig. 16) and middle Euphrates, Syria (Fig. 17), respectively. In each case, the irrigation system is adapted to the local topography. In the first case, the salty water table restricts the cultivable area located in the lower land.
According to several sources cited by Vallet, houses usually had several drains to evacuate wastewater and rain. Sewage disposal could be achieved in three ways: directly to the gutter or canalization (canal) of a street; towards pits located in the city if the house was close to one of them; and for the houses being next to the city walls, directly out of the city by means of canals regularly spaced along the ramparts. The streets had a vast system of interconnected canals which, following the natural slope of the terrain carried the wastewater and rain to the countryside, outside of the city walls.
Urartians constantly fought battles with Assyria. The Urartians had considerable artistic and technical skills, especially water technology building significant irrigation works and water supply systems. Urartians were the only people in the Near East to have the elaborate and well-planned water supply systems comparable to those in Egypt and Mesopotamia (Garbrecht, 1980). Lake Van has no apparent outlets and the water is brackish so that it could not have been used for water supply or irrigation.