Antisthenes of Athens: Texts, Translations, and Commentary by Antisthenes

By Antisthenes

Antisthenes of Athens (c. 445-365 BCE) was once a well-known historical disciple of Socrates, senior to Plato through fifteen years and inspirational to Xenophon. he's correct to 2 of the best turning issues in old highbrow heritage, from pre-Socraticism to Socraticism, and from classical Athens to the Hellenistic interval. a greater figuring out of Antisthenes results in a greater figuring out of the highbrow tradition of Athens that formed Plato and laid the principles for Hellenistic philosophy and literature besides. Antisthenes wrote prolifically, yet little of this article is still this present day. Susan Prince has gathered the entire surviving passages that pertain so much heavily to Antisthenes’ historical popularity and literary creation, interprets them into English for the 1st time, and units out the parameters for his or her interpretation, with shut awareness to the function Antisthenes most likely performed within the literary time table of every historic writer who pointed out him.

This is the 1st translation of Antisthenes’ continues to be into English. Chapters current the traditional resource, the unique Greek passage, and priceless serious equipment. the writer then provides the fashionable English translation and notes at the context of the renovation, the importance of the testimonium, and at the Greek. numerous new readings are proposed.

Antisthenes of Athens can be of curiosity to an individual trying to comprehend Antisthenes and his highbrow context, in addition to his contributions to historic literary feedback, perspectives on discourse, and ethics.

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Additional info for Antisthenes of Athens: Texts, Translations, and Commentary

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Provinciality breeds a determinism of its own, and the provinciality of New York in the thirties, which tended to regard a temporary meeting of ethnic cultures and social crises as if it were an unalterable fact of history, led us to suppose that only here, in New York, could one bear to live at all, yet that unless one were in total revolt the life of the city was mean, constricted, intolerable. For the city in its own right, as it actually was, we had little concern or sensitivity. Only in the mythology of the Movement did New York figure significantly for us, and there it took on a glamorous cast: for New York was always “the party center,” no matter which party it was; here you could listen to the leaders and intellectuals, and here it was possible, usually, to fill a fairsized hall so as to soften our awareness of how small and futile we were.

It made us sensitive to the decay and brutality of the modern world. It taught us to look upon social problems in terms extending beyond local or even national interests. It imbued us with an intense fascination for the idea of history, and if that brought intellectual dangers, they were probably worth facing. It trained us to think on our feet, and opened to us the pleasures of thrust and parry. And not entirely by intention, it led us to a strong feeling for democracy, if only because the harassments and persecutions to which we were subjected by the Communists persuaded us to value freedom of thought more than we quite knew we did.

Indb 22 3/13/07 1:03:56 PM Starting Out in the Thirties • 23 There are times in history when a group feels that it is at the center of events. Poor as we were, anxious, lonely, it seemed to me obvious that everywhere, even in Hitler Germany, to be outside of society and to be Jewish was to be at the heart of things. History was preparing, in its Jewish victims and through them, some tremendous deliverance and revelation. I hugged my aloneness, our apartness, my parents’ poverty, as a sign of our call to create the future.

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