Behind the Ballot Box: A Citizen's Guide to Voting Systems by Douglas J. Amy

By Douglas J. Amy

Curiosity in balloting structures and vote casting process reform is turning out to be within the usa. vote casting systems?€”the techniques during which we forged votes and opt for our public officials?€”are an important a part of the democratic election strategy. the choice to exploit one form of balloting approach instead of one other has far-reaching political results. between different issues, balloting structures aid to figure out which officers are elected to run our governments, the range of events that citizens need to make a choice from on the polls, even if political minorities can win any illustration, and even if the bulk will rule.Amy provides readers all of the info and analytical instruments had to make clever offerings between vote casting platforms. He presents a collection of political standards that may be used to pass judgement on vote casting platforms and provides distinctive descriptions of all of the universal balloting structures utilized in the U.S. and different Western democracies, together with winner-take-all structures in addition to proportional illustration platforms. He additionally presents an research of some of the political benefits and drawbacks linked to every one form of process. this is often a huge consultant for voters, executive officers, political activists, scholars, and a person who desires to study extra approximately balloting structures and their political implications.

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NOTES 1. G. Bingham Powell, “Voter Turnout in Comparative Perspective,”American Political Science Review 80, no. 1 (March 1986): 37. 2. John Adams, “Thoughts on Government” in The Works of John Adams, Vol. , 1852), p. 205. 3. See, for example, Wilma Rule, “Electoral Systems, Contextual Factors, and Women’s Opportunity for Election to Parliament in Twenty-Three Democracies,”Western Political Quarterly 33: 477–98; and Pippa Norris, “Legislative Recruitment,” in Comparing Democracies: Elections and Voting in Global Perspective, ed.

Where there are disagreements about the political effects of these systems, I note them. From time to time, I also highlight some of these disagreements in “Spotlight on the Debate” sections. After considering these systems as a group, I turn to the individual systems. The workings of each system are described, then the advantages and disadvantages that are specific to that particular voting method are discussed. The emphasis in these sections is primarily on how each system compares to others in this family of voting systems.

But it was not the single-member district version that we associate with Britain today. Until the late nineteenth century, almost all members of the British parliament were elected in two-member county or borough districts. Reforms in 1831 and in 1867 introduced some single-member districts and three-member districts, but two-member districts remained the rule. It was not until 1885 that legislation was passed to require single-member districts in virtually all British constituencies. In most of continental Europe, democratic parliamentary elections began later than in Britain and developed along somewhat different lines.

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