Bottle Creek: A Pensacola Culture Site in South Alabama by Ian W. Brown, Dr. David S. Brose, Penelope Ballard Drooker,

By Ian W. Brown, Dr. David S. Brose, Penelope Ballard Drooker, C. Margaret Scarry, David W. Morgan, Paul D. Jackson, Irvy R. Quitmyer, Christopher B. Rodning, Diane E. Silvia, Richard S. Fuller, Hunter B. Johnson

Including 18 earthen mounds and various extra habitation parts courting to A.D. 12501550, the Bottle Creek website used to be first professionally investigated in 1932 while David L. DeJarnette of the Alabama Museum of typical heritage started paintings there to figure out if the positioning had a cultural reipconnected to the north by way of a river process. This quantity builds on past investigations to give broad contemporary facts from significant excavations performed from 1991 to 1994 and supported partly by means of an NEH provide. Ten anthropologists research numerous features of the positioning, together with mound structure, prehistoric nutrition, pottery category, vessel kinds, textiles used to make pottery impressions, a microlithic stone instrument undefined, water trip, the endurance of mound use into historical occasions, and the placement of Bottle Creek within the protohistoric international.

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The essay by Irvy Quitmyer (Chapter 7) is the ¤rst thorough study of faunal remains from Bottle Creek and, as a result, it sets the stage for future research in the region. Although Quitmyer deals with only three column samples from two test units, what he does with these samples is intriguing. One of the samples that he analyzes comes from the middle of the Mound C unit (C100). The other two are from Mound A (D100), with one from the pre-mound A levels and the other from the upper Mound A deposits after mound construction started.

Another focus of our research was Mound L. As stated above, our work on the test units in 1991 revealed that the inhabitants of the site had erected at least two buildings on the tops of Mound L in its late stage. Although we were only able to observe a small part of these structures, it was clear that they dated to protohistoric/historic times (Brown and Fuller 1993b). As these were the ¤rst aboriginal houses to be isolated in the whole of the Mobile-Tensaw Delta at this time, it was a fundamental part of our research to expose these structures.

The other two goals for the 1991 research related to actual ¤eldwork— one involved survey and the other excavation. Because no one had ever made a systematic surface collection at Bottle Creek, Fuller and I felt that such a survey was in order. 7). This initial survey was expanded in 1993 and 1994 and eventually published in Fuller and Brown (1998:54–105). The survey not only provided information on what areas would be productive for testing, in order to retrieve culture-historical data, but it also revealed which areas were relatively untouched by pothunting activities3 and would, therefore, be important in yielding settlement and subsistence data.

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