Brezhnev and the Decline of the Soviet Union by Thomas Crump

By Thomas Crump

Leonid Brezhnev was once chief of the Soviet Union from 1964-1982, an extended interval than the other Soviet chief except Stalin. in the course of Brezhnev’s time Soviet energy appeared at its top and extending. residing criteria have been emerging, the Soviet Union was once a nuclear energy and profitable in its area missions, and the Soviet Union's effect reached into all a part of the area. but, as this ebook, which gives a complete review and reassessment of Brezhnev’s lifestyles, early political profession and occupation as chief, exhibits, the seeds of decline have been sown in Brezhnev's time. there has been an immense over-commitment of assets to the Soviet industrial-military advanced and to hugely pricey overseas coverage overstretch. whilst there has been a failure to carry on electorate' emerging expectancies, and an overconfident ignoring of dissidents and their calls for. The ebook could be of serious curiosity to Russian experts, and likewise to students of diplomacy and global history.

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The OGPU lost little time in setting up the system: in the first four months of 1930 it was the destination of more than 100,000 Ukrainians, most of whom were sent to work on the Belomor Canal – a favourite project of Stalin – linking the White Sea in the Arctic with the Baltic (Snyder 2010: 27). : 26). And this was only the first year of a programme that could continue indefinitely. Not surprisingly there were peasant revolts across the Soviet Union; more than half were in Ukraine, where many thousands also fled west to Poland.

2 This was the main work of village bricklayers; houses were built by carpenters. 3 The familiar kolbasa was the most common. 4 This is seen by Bullock (1991: 27) as the classic Marxist proletariat, constituted by workers with ‘nothing to lose but their chains’. 5 The term is well recognized but its origins are obscure; note also the Russian Chernozem, or ‘black land’. 6 According to the Julian calendar; see also note 1. 7 This, a so-called Gimnazia, was foreign-owned (Brezhneva 1995: 13); Bullock (1991: 26) relates how according to the 1897 census only about a millions Russians, approximately 1 per cent the total population, had secondary education.

Even so, the forces opposing him, now commanded by the Tsarist Vice-Admiral Kolchak, were still able to hold out in Siberia, where a British force under General Knox – which had arrived via Vladivostok, was there to lend support. Allied forces from Britain, France, the United States and Japan had landed in Vladivostok as early as August. Behind this operation was the fear, on the part of the British and French, that as a result of Brest-Litovsk Germany and Austria would be able to mobilize prisoners of war in Siberia to open a new front against Russia (Abramovitch 1962: 178); because this concern was not shared by the American President, Woodrow Wilson, the operation was delayed.

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