By Stephen Jacobson
Providing a window into the background of the fashionable criminal occupation in Western Europe, Stephen Jacobson offers a historical past of legal professionals within the such a lot industrialized urban at the Mediterranean. faraway from being mere curators of static legislation, Barcelona's attorneys have been on the middle of social clash and political and monetary switch, mediating among country, kin, and society.Beginning with the resurrection of a decadent bar through the Enlightenment, Jacobson lines the ancient evolution of attorneys in the course of the lengthy 19th century. one of the matters he explores are the attributes of the trendy criminal career, how attorneys engaged with the Enlightenment, how they molded occasions within the Age of Revolution and helped consolidate a liberal constitutional order, why a liberal occupation grew to become conservative and corporatist, and the way attorneys promoted fin-de-siÃ¨cle nationalism.From the vantage aspect of a urban with a exclusive criminal tradition,Catalonia's Advocates offers clean perception into ecu social and criminal heritage; the origins of liberal professionalism; the schooling, education, and perform of legislations within the 19th century; the growth of continental bureaucracies; and the corporatist facets of recent nationalism.
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Extra info for Catalonia's Advocates: Lawyers, Society, and Politics in Barcelona, 1759-1900 (Studies in Legal History)
22 In order to redress this grievance, the authors did not request that more Crown of Aragon natives ascend to judicial offices elsewhere. 23 To top things off, the framers contended that the cumulative effect of Bourbon reforms had caused the bar to lose prestige and become a less-attractive career destination. . ”24 From all perspectives, then, and even in their own words, the bar was at a historical nadir. The days of a noblesse de robe were long gone, distinguished advocates no longer served as venerated counselors to political bodies, talented forensic minds did not ascend to the bench with the frequency of the past, and the bar had become a career destination for the so-called poor.
To popu late it, there is nothing better than a reform of the classes. SSFrancesc Romà i Rosell, Signs of Happiness in Spain and the Means to Bring Them into Fruition (1768) Let us say to them, sirs, to those men who dare insult our profession: without civil laws no people can live who are not barbarous; without a class of citizens occupied in knowing them, interpreting them, and defending them, nothing can reign except despotism or anarchy and disorder. SSManuel Barba i Roca, A Discourse on Lawsuits (1781) When did the modern profession emerge?
30 In contrast, the Catalan bar began its decline at a later date and suffered less severely. Even in the late eighteenth century, a few lawyers were noble and it was still possible to be appointed to the bench. However, it is clear that in Catalonia and France, and surely many other places as well, absolutism had taken a toll on the bar. The Catalan bar would recover from these doldrums and cease to yearn for a return to the past. Although the Representation appears to have been unceremoniously shelved at the royal court, the Barcelona bar overcame the source of its discontent.