Chemical Biology of the Tropics: An Interdisciplinary by Emily Wortman-Wunder, Jorge Vivanco, Mark W. Paschke

By Emily Wortman-Wunder, Jorge Vivanco, Mark W. Paschke (auth.), Jorge M. Vivanco, Tiffany Weir (eds.)

The mystique of the rainforest has captured the imaginations of generations of adolescents, explorers, authors, and biologists. it's a tender surroundings whose myriad sounds and scents, whose vibrancy of lifestyles, is balanced by way of consistent cycles of dying and rot. it's a position of fierce festival the place strange partnerships are solid and artistic survival recommendations are the norm. during this e-book, you'll meet the medical pioneers who first tried to quantify and comprehend the monstrous variety of those tropical forests, in addition to their successors, who make the most of sleek instruments and applied sciences to dissect the chemical nature of rainforest interactions.

This booklet offers a normal heritage on biodiversity and the learn of chemical ecology earlier than entering into particular chemical examples of insect defenses and microbial communique. It finishes with first-hand debts of the rigors and tribulations of a cover biology pioneer and a rainforest study beginner, whereas assessing the kingdom of recent tropical study, its significance to humanity, and the ecological, political, and moral matters that have to be tackled so one can circulation the sector forward.

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Nature 406:512–515 Badri DV, Loyola-vargas VM, Broeckling CD, de-la-Pena C, Jasinski M, Santelia D, Martinoia E, Sumner LW, Banta LM, Stermitz F, Vivanco JM (2008) Altered profile of secondary metabolites in the root exudates of Arabidopsis ATP-binding cassette transporter mutants. Plant Physiol 146:762–771 Broeckling CD, Broz AK, Bergelson J, Manter DK, Vivanco JM (2008) Root exudates regulate soil fungal community composition and diversity. Appl Environ Microbiol 74:738–744 Carrel JE, Eisner T (1974) Cantharidin: potent feeding deterrent to insects.

These insects are large, strong, robust creatures and their spines can inflict minor cuts on human skin. However, Eurycantha are exceptional in this mode of defense. T. Dossey defensive spray in a pair of laterally symmetric glands in their prothorax which has openings on each side just behind the head (Chow and Lin 1986; Dossey 2009, 2010; Eisner et al. 1997; Eisner 1965; Happ et al. 1966). All the examples of walkingstick sprays given in this chapter are tropical species, with the exception of Anisomorpha buprestoides, which ranges from subtropical to temperate USA.

2007; Badri et al. 2008). More surprisingly, plants can be extremely specific in this communication. For example, when attacked by the tobacco budworm (Heliothis virescens), tobacco, cotton, and maize plants can emit a particular blend of chemicals that attracts the parasitic wasp Cardiochiles nigriceps, which lays its eggs in the budworm larvae. If attacked by the closely related Heliothis zea, the plants emit a different chemical cocktail, and the parasitic wasps are not attracted (DeMoraes et al.

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