Chimariko Grammar: Areal and Typological Perspective by Carmen Jany

By Carmen Jany

The Chimariko language, now extinct, used to be spoken in Trinity County, California. This reference grammar, in response to facts amassed through Harrington within the 1920's, represents the main entire description of the language. Written from a functional-typological viewpoint this paintings additionally examines language touch in Northern California exhibiting that grammatical features are frequently shared between genetically unrelated languages in geographically contiguous areas.

Show description

Read Online or Download Chimariko Grammar: Areal and Typological Perspective (University of California Publications in Linguistics) PDF

Best native american books

Black Elk lives: conversations with the Black Elk family

The tale and teachings of Nicholas Black Elk (1863–1950), first recorded through John G. Neihardt in Black Elk Speaks, have performed a severe function in shaping the way local americans and others view the previous, current, and way forward for Native America. those conversations with the descendents of Black Elk provide an intimate examine existence at the Pine Ridge Reservation and clean views at the non secular, financial, and political possibilities and demanding situations dealing with the Lakota buyers.

Archaeologies of Placemaking: Monuments, Memories and Engagement in Native North America

This choice of unique essays explores the tensions among triumphing neighborhood and nationwide models of Indigenous pasts created, reified, and disseminated via monuments, and Indigenous peoples’ stories and reviews of position. The participants ask serious questions on old protection and commemoration tools utilized by glossy societies and their influence at the notion and id of the folks they supposedly bear in mind, who're typically now not consulted within the commemoration technique.

"We Are Still Here": American Indians Since 1890

As well as revisions and updates, the second one version of “We Are nonetheless the following” gains new fabric, seeing this well-loved American background sequence quantity preserve its remedy of yank Indians within the twentieth century whereas extending its assurance into the hole many years of the twenty first century. presents scholar and normal readers concise and fascinating assurance of latest historical past of yank Indians contributed by means of best students and teachers within the fieldRepresents an incredible complement to any U.

Extra resources for Chimariko Grammar: Areal and Typological Perspective (University of California Publications in Linguistics)

Example text

The two related languages, Yurok and Wiyot, share two traits: both have voiceless laterals and labialized consonants. Obstruent voicing is only found in Wiyot as a recent development (Mithun 2004c). Similar tendencies can be found when Chimariko is compared to distant neighbors to the east. Table 7: Characteristics of Chimariko and its distant neighbors to the east Language Chimariko Yana¹ Achumawi² Maidu³ Language Family isolate Hokan Hokan: KarukPenutian: Shasta:Palaihninan Maiduan Consonants 33 22 17 18 Stop series pl, asp, glott pl, glott pl pl, glott Obstruent no yes yes (only affricate, yes voicing not contrastive) Back velar q yes no yes no Voiceless lateral no no no no Retroflex ṭ yes no no no Gemination no no no no Labialized cons.

For Shasta, a high-low pitch tonal accent has been described. Hence the acoustic correlate of stress in Chimariko, which is pitch, is also attested in other languages of the area. Given that stress is easily transferred through language contact, it is likely that the languages in Northern California have shifted their stress patterns as a result of multilingualism in the area. For Chimariko it can be speculated that vowel length on stressed syllables was developing as a contact phenomenon given the weight-sensitive stress systems of neighboring languages with CVV as the heaviest syllable type.

Nominal roots with more than three syllables are rare and may be attributed to lexicalisation effects. Examples of nominal roots are given below. 14. 1 Phonotactic restrictions. All consonants occur as onsets. The rhotic /r/ never appears in word-initial position, and /kʰ/ appears only rarely. The glottalized stop /p’/ occurs only before back vowels in onsets, and the glottalized /t’/ is rare overall. All but aspirated and glottalized phonemes occur as codas. Typologically, glottalized consonants are seldom part of codas.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.28 of 5 – based on 42 votes