By Ephraim Nissan
This ebook offers an summary of computing device concepts and instruments — particularly from synthetic intelligence (AI) — for dealing with criminal proof, police intelligence, crime research or detection, and forensic checking out, with a sustained dialogue of equipment for the modelling of reasoning and forming an opinion in regards to the facts, tools for the modelling of argumentation, and computational ways to facing felony, or any, narratives. through the 2000s, the modelling of reasoning on felony facts has emerged as an important quarter in the well-established box of AI & legislation. an outline reminiscent of this one hasn't ever been tried sooner than. It bargains a breathtaking view of issues, strategies and instruments. it really is greater than a survey, as subject after subject, the reader can get a better view of ways and methods.
One objective is to introduce practitioners of AI to the modelling felony facts. one other target is to introduce attorneys, in addition to the extra technically orientated between legislation enforcement execs, or researchers in police technology, to details expertise assets from which their very own respective box stands to learn. laptop scientists must never blunder into layout offerings leading to instruments objectionable for attorneys, so it is very important concentrate on ongoing controversies. A survey is equipped of argumentation instruments or equipment for reasoning concerning the facts. one other classification of instruments thought of here's meant to help in organisational elements of handling of the facts.
Moreover, instruments applicable for crime detection, intelligence, and research comprise instruments in line with hyperlink research and information mining. strategies and strategies are brought, besides case reviews. So are parts within the forensic sciences. certain chapters are dedicated to VIRTOPSY (a approach for criminal drugs) and FLINTS (a software for the police). this can be either an introductory publication (possibly a textbook), and a reference for experts from numerous quarters.
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This e-book presents an outline of laptop concepts and instruments — particularly from synthetic intelligence (AI) — for dealing with criminal proof, police intelligence, crime research or detection, and forensic trying out, with a sustained dialogue of tools for the modelling of reasoning and forming an opinion concerning the proof, equipment for the modelling of argumentation, and computational methods to facing criminal, or any, narratives.
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Extra info for Computer Applications for Handling Legal Evidence, Police Investigation and Case Argumentation
High volume crime analysis, including the use of mapping, has become a core activity of crime analysts (Cope, 2003) and is central to CompStat. CompStat is an operational management process and is much more than just maps of crime, however, the mapping of volume crime patterns does form an integral part of the overall strategy (McGuire, 2000). CompStat combines computer technology, operational strategy, and managerial accountability, and is inherently data-driven (Walsh, 2001). Ratcliffe described as follows some organisational problems arising from having to copy paper records into digital format (2005, pp.
5 The Problem of Assessing Fingerprint Sufficient Similarity . . 3 Computational Techniques for Fingerprint Recognition . . . . . . . . . . . 1 General Considerations . . . . . 3 The Tohoku Algorithm for Fingerprint Matching Based on Band-Limited Phase-Only Correlation . . . . . . . . Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, and the Use of Software for Determining the Angle of Impact of Blood Drops . . . 1 The Basics . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Software . . . . . . . .
1 General Considerations, and Some of the Specialties . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Statistics Comes into the Picture . . . . . 3 Some More Forensic Disciplines . . . . . The Contribution to Forensic Science of Anthropology and Archaeology . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology . . . 2 Factors Involved in Forensic Anthropology . . . 1 Preliminaries . . . . . . . 2 Ante-mortem Skeletal Pathology, and Para-, Peri-, and Post-mortem Traumas .