Concise encyclopedia of system safety : definition of terms by Clifton A Ericson; Wiley InterScience (Online service)

By Clifton A Ericson; Wiley InterScience (Online service)

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Architecture is a unifying or coherent form or structure of something, such as a system or a building; the manner in which the components of a system or building are organized and integrated. In systems theory, architecture is the unique manner in which the components of a system are organized and integrated. It is the structure, in terms of components, connections, and constraints, of a system, product, or process. It includes all elements of a system that determine its form and function. By definition, all systems have an architecture, explicit or implicit, which can often be viewed from different perspectives.

Without preestablished contingency plans, it may not be possible to avoid certain mishaps. BARRIER (OR SAFETY BARRIER) A safety barrier is a safety mechanism or device designed and implemented to control hazards and mitigate risk. Barrier safety is based on the theory that when hazardous energy sources exist within a system, they pose a hazardous threat to certain targets. Placing barriers between the energy source and the target can mitigate the threat to targets. 2. Barriers can be designed to be passive or active in nature.

In system safety an audit is typically performed on an SSP. The purpose of the audit is to determine if the SSP is on track and if all contractual requirements are being satisfied and that mishap risk is being properly identified, assessed, controlled, and accepted. A safety audit is typically conducted according to a preplanned schedule that is established in the System Safety Program Plan (SSPP). A safety audit typically consists of a review of the system developer, contractor, or subcontractor’s documentation, hardware, and/or software to verify that it complies with project requirements and contractual requirements.

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