Demons and the Devil in Ancient and Medieval Christianity by Nienke Vos, Willemien Otten

By Nienke Vos, Willemien Otten

This choice of essays ways the position of demons and the satan in historical and medieval Christianity from numerous scholarly views: historic, philosophical, and theological in addition to philological, liturgical, and theoretical. within the starting article Gerd Theissen provides a wide-ranging evaluate of the position of the satan, spanning the Hebrew Bible, the recent testomony, and patristic literature. The contributions that persist with deal with texts at the satan, demons, and evil, and are drawn from historic philosophy, the recent testomony, early Christian apologetics, hagiography, and historical past. overlaying basically the patristic interval, the amount additionally comprises articles on medieval assets. The advent discusses different angles of process present in the articles so as to shed clean mild in this widespread but in addition uniquely troubling subject.

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As the reditus must succeed, so the demonic nature must be forced out. Secondly, in Eriugena a farreaching integration seems to be accomplished of what Theißen refers to as the dimensions of past, present and future. ’ Although Otten does not discuss the theme of enlightenment, it seems fair to say that Eriugena holds to an enlightened view of hell and evil. The final article to be discussed within the cluster of medieval Christianity, which also completes the volume as a whole, is by Babette Hellemans.

Satan and the Combat Myth (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987). Religionswissenschaftlich ist: A. di Nola, Der Teufel. Wesen, Wirkung und Geschichte (ital. 1987; München: Diederichs Verlag, 1990). Sozialgeschichtlich argumentiert E. Pagels, Satans Ursprung (engl. 1995; Berlin: Berlin Verlag, 1996). Allgemeinverständlich, aber manchmal populistisch ist: K. Berger, Wozu ist der Teufel da? (Stuttgart: Quell Verlag, 1998). Von den wissenschaftlichen Handbuchartikeln seien genannt: A. Shama, Art.

Monotheismus und teufelsglaube 39 sich seiner inneren Gefährdung bewusst. Der Satan ist das täuschende Spiegelbild Gottes. Jederzeit kann sich die Verehrung des einen Gottes in einen destruktiven Glauben verkehren. Wenn man den einen Gott verehrt, muss man daher immer prüfen, ob man nicht in Wirklichkeit dem Satan auf die Schliche gegangen ist. Urszene dafür ist die Versuchungsgeschichte Jesu, in der sich der Satan an der Stelle Gottes verehren lassen will. Der Satan repräsentiert eine Selbstreflexion des Monotheismus in mythischer Form.

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