By Alexander Vul', Olga Shenderova

A complete evaluation of detonation nanodiamond debris produced by means of detonation of carbon-containing explosives, this booklet discusses the expertise of synthesis and the influence of varied technological parameters at the constitution and physicochemical houses of nanodiamonds. It explores the probabilities of detailed chemical amendment of the skin, describes equipment of structural amendment of nanodiamonds geared toward acquiring nanographite, analyzes a number of the tools hired in reports of nanodiamonds as a carbon nanostructure, and indicates and explores at size the potential for nanodiamond program in expertise and medicine.

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Yu. (2004). Experimental corroboration of the synthesis of diamond in the cavitation process, Dokl. , 49, pp. 150–156. 110. Khachatryan A. , Khachatryan V. , May P. , and Baghdasaryan V. S. (2008) Graphite-to-diamond transformation induced by ultrasonic cavitation, Diam. Relat. , 17, pp. 931– 937. 111. Lewis R. , Wacker J. , and Steel E. (1987) Interstellar diamond in meteorites, Nature, 326, pp. 160–162. 112. Daulton T. L. (2005) Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond, eds.

90, 037401. 126. , and Krastev E. (1993) Stability of multishell fullerenes, Phys. , 48(20), pp. 15461–15464. 127. , Lu J. , and Yang. W. (1994) Density-functional calculations of the structure and stability of C240 , Phys. Rev. B, 49, pp. 8526–8528. -Vul-c01 References 128. Kuznetsov V. , and Butenko Yu. V. (2006) Ultrananocrystalline Diamond. Synthesis, Properties and Applications, eds. Gruen D. , and Shenderova O. , “Diamond phase transition at nanoscale” (William Andrew, Norwich, New York, USA), pp.

It is this overlap that underlies the conclusion of the possibility of segregating the condensed carbon phase in the form of diamond in detonationbased synthesis. The thermodynamic functions of diamond and graphite diﬀer noticeably. Accordingly, the heats of the reaction of chemical transformation in explosion will likewise diﬀer depending on the form in which the condensed carbon will segregate. Therefore, calculation of the detonation rate for explosives with a strongly negative oxygen balance will yield two solutions, one of which corresponds to segregation of diamond and the other to that of graphite [3, 7].