By Wonbong Choi, Jo-won Lee
Because the overdue twentieth century, graphene—a one-atom-thick planar sheet of sp2-bonded carbon atoms densely packed in a honeycomb crystal lattice—has garnered considerable realization as a possible next-generation digital fabric because of its unheard of houses. those homes comprise excessive present density, ballistic delivery, chemical inertness, excessive thermal conductivity, optical transmittance, and tremendous hydrophobicity at nanometer scale. not like study on its very good digital and optoelectronic houses, learn at the syntheses of a unmarried sheet of graphene for business purposes is in its nascent levels. Graphene: Synthesis and functions reports the development and destiny instructions of graphene examine within the components of synthesis and houses, and explores functions, similar to electronics, warmth dissipation, box emission, sensors, composites, and effort.
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Additional info for Graphene: Synthesis and Applications
M. , and Ciraci, S. 2010. Current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of armchair graphene nanoribbons under uniaxial strain. Physical Review B 81: 205437-1-5. 82. Isacsson, A. 2010. Nanomechanical displacement detection using coherent transport in ordered and disordered graphene nanoribbon resonators. 0508v1. 83. Ho, J. , Chiu, Y. , Tsai, S. , and Lin, M. F. 2009. Semimetallic graphene in a modulated electric field. Physical Review B 79: 115427. 84. Novikov, D. S. 2007. Transverse field effect in graphene ribbons.
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Further, graphene became attractive to physicists for research because of its resemblance to the Dirac spectrum of massless fermions (Novoselov, Geim, et al. 2005) and its Landau-level quantization under a vertical magnetic field applied to the graphene basal plane (Castro Neto et al. 2009). 0016 eV) at higher energies makes bilayer graphene a gapless semiconductor (Castro Neto et al. 2009). Further, the physical properties of graphene strictly depend upon the number of stacked layers. For example, monolayer graphene exhibits ~97% optical transmittance (Li, Zhu, et al.