The appreciation of ancient and medieval science during the by George Sarton

By George Sarton

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Like Sergios; In the course of time Galen was translated from Arabic into Latin, for many centuries the main Galenic tradition in and that constituted The and others was relaGalenism from Arabic into Latin was again such a big one that many hands were needed. It was begun by Constantine the African (XI-2), but the bulk of it was done under the direction of Gerard of Cremona (XII-2) in the "academy" of Toledo patronized by the archbishops Raymond I (1126-51) and his successors, notably D. Sancho II de Aragon (1266-75) and D.

One story told by Sir John Cheke is revealing. When Linacre was old, as he was reading the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 7), he exclaimed, ventional eulogies. " Linacre was a distinguished physician, a great scholar, and a good man. 74 remarkable pair, Leoniceno and Manardi, taught medicine in Ferrara from 1464 to 1536, a stretch of seventy-two years, Leoniceno doing the lion's share of that, no less than sixty years! 75 Niccolo 76 was born in 1428 at Lonigo near Vicenza (hence the name The two both of Italians are a whom 25 SCIENCE DURING THE RENAISSANCE Leoniceno) as far as settling in 1524.

45 At the age of twelve he went to Utrecht, where he studied Greek; he was professor of Greek in Louvain, Vesalius being one of his pupils. Many of his contemporaries passed from medicine to philology; Guenther's evolution seems to have been different or, more exactly, medicine and Hellenism dominated his life by turns. D. there in 1530. Soon afterwards, he was appointed physician to Frangois I (king, 1515-47) his appointment must have been due to his prestige as a Hellenist. Being a Lutheran he was obliged to leave Paris, and to move to Metz and later Strasbourg, where he resumed his Greek teaching.

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